What’s the danger/reward ratio in cryptocurrency buying and selling, and methods to use it

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The chance/reward ratio or danger/return ratio is a generally used metric in buying and selling that compares the potential revenue of a commerce with the potential loss. That mentioned, it’s the reward merchants stand to make for the danger they take. 

For instance, an funding with a danger/reward ratio of 1:3 would imply that for each greenback the investor spends, they achieve three {dollars} if the buying and selling goes of their favor. The chance/reward ratio is decisive to cryptocurrency buying and selling, whether or not for each day trades or crypto funding for the long term, often called “hodling.”

To achieve a greater understanding, let’s take into account it within the context of crypto buying and selling.

Methods to calculate the danger/reward ratio

Assuming that the prevailing value of Ether (ETH) is $2,000, a crypto dealer would possibly resolve to enter a lengthy place (purchase) with the next parameters:

Entry value: $2,000

The worth at which they buy ETH.

Cease-loss: $1,800

Ought to the worth of ETH go down, which isn’t within the dealer’s favor, the stop-loss level is the place they might promote the ETH acquired (for a loss) and keep away from additional losses. In different phrases, they’re risking $200 per ETH purchased at $2000.

Take revenue: $3,000

If the worth of ETH goes up, the take revenue value is the purpose they might promote the ETH, which, on this case, could be for a revenue of $1000, a reward of $1000 per ETH.

Loads of danger/reward ratio calculators can be found on-line for cryptocurrency buying and selling. Utilizing the above instance, right here’s methods to manually calculate the danger/reward ratio:

  • The preliminary danger is $200 per ETH (the gap between the entry value of $2,000 and the stop-loss value of $1,800).
  • The take-profit degree presents a reward of $1,000 per ETH, which provides a risk-reward ratio of 1:5 ($200 danger divided by $1,000 reward).

Right here is the method for the danger/reward ratio:

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What are the professionals, cons, buts and howevers of the danger/reward ratio?

The chance/reward ratio helps merchants consider a commerce’s potential dangers and rewards, and make selections accordingly. It permits merchants to handle danger successfully by setting stop-loss orders and take-profit ranges, limiting potential losses whereas maximizing income.

Nevertheless, the danger/reward ratio is a measure for managing danger and doesn’t assure success in buying and selling as a result of:

  • It’s primarily based on assumptions about an asset’s future value motion, which can not at all times maintain.
  • It may be oversimplified and should not take into account different essential components, similar to market circumstances, liquidity and transaction prices.

For instance, if the market immediately turns into extremely unstable (excessive value fluctuations), a dealer might have to hold adjusting stop-loss or take revenue ranges. And the crypto market is thought to breed volatility.

After calculating the danger/reward ratio, the dealer ought to consider whether or not it fits their buying and selling technique and danger tolerance. That mentioned, one can’t rely solely on the danger/reward ratio for cryptocurrency buying and selling. Merchants ought to use it with different danger administration methods, buying and selling plans and self-discipline to succeed.

Methods to optimize the danger/reward ratio?

What is taken into account a very good danger/reward ratio? Whereas 1:2 is thought to be a sensible and optimum danger/reward ratio in crypto (in addition to conventional buying and selling), there are not any mounted guidelines for its use, with the ratio relying on the merchants’ expectations and technique.

Arriving on the optimum danger/reward ratio requires balancing a commerce’s potential danger and reward, which depends upon danger tolerance and buying and selling technique. A number of metrics can accompany the danger/reward ratio or allow merchants to optimize it.

Right here’s methods to use the danger/reward ratio for crypto buying and selling:

Place measurement

The place measurement just isn’t essentially a measure or metric; it’s the quantity of capital (crypto asset capital) allotted to every commerce. Figuring out the place measurement is a vital element of buying and selling danger administration technique. It helps to manage potential losses and income of a commerce.

The place measurement instantly impacts the danger/reward ratio, i.e., a bigger place measurement can enhance a commerce’s potential revenue and the doable loss. Conversely, a smaller place measurement might restrict the potential revenue and loss.

Win fee

The win fee is the share of the overall variety of worthwhile trades to the overall trades, measuring how typically a dealer’s trades are worthwhile. A excessive win fee means the dealer constantly makes worthwhile trades and doesn’t have to rely as closely on huge profitable trades. Accordingly, the dealer can afford to make use of a decrease and safer danger/reward ratio, which may nonetheless be worthwhile as a result of the dealer is profitable extra typically.

However, a decrease win fee implies that the dealer must rely extra on huge profitable trades to earn cash and face the volatility dangers related to a extra vital danger/reward ratio.

Most drawdown (MDD)

Most drawdown is a vital metric for merchants to think about when assessing their trades’ danger/reward ratio. It’s the greatest share drop a dealer sees of their buying and selling account from its highest worth earlier than the decline began. It measures the biggest amount of cash a dealer misplaced of their account from its highest worth earlier than issues began going downhill. So how does most drawdown affect the danger/reward ratio?

Suppose a dealer has a danger/reward ratio of 1:2, which means they danger $1 to probably make a revenue of $2. Moreover, think about the utmost drawdown of the buying and selling technique is 50%. In that case, the dealer may probably lose half of their buying and selling account earlier than the technique turns round and turns into worthwhile once more.

As such, although the danger/reward ratio is favorable, the technique’s total danger could also be too excessive. A method round that is to make use of a slim stop-loss and keep away from the potential lack of the utmost drawdown. Nevertheless, this interprets to a lesser danger/reward ratio.

It’s about discovering the best steadiness between managing the utmost drawdown danger and sustaining a positive danger/reward ratio.


Expectancy measures the chance of creating a revenue over the long run on a sequence of trades or investments. It measures the long-term profitability of a buying and selling or investing technique. Optimistic expectancy is kind of like the final word goal of all buying and selling initiatives.

Akin to the win fee, the loss fee is the unprofitable share. The typical win and loss sizes are the common income and losses on a sequence of trades or investments.

The chance/reward ratio performs a vital position in figuring out expectancy. A excessive danger/reward ratio implies that potential income are extra appreciable than potential losses. Which means that if a dealer wins 33% of their trades with, say, a 1:2 risk-reward ratio, their common win is twice as massive as the common loss, which, in flip, interprets to greater expectancy. Conversely, for a low danger/reward ratio, merchants would wish extra wins (win fee).

What components must be thought-about whereas figuring out the danger/reward ratio in cryptocurrency buying and selling?

A number of components typically affect cryptocurrency buying and selling and the danger merchants will take to hit the specified income. Listed here are a couple of:

Crypto market volatility

If there may be one factor the cryptocurrency ecosystem is notorious for — aside from the hacks and rug pulls — it’s how unstable its buying and selling scene is. Set danger/reward ratio with cautious consideration.


In easy phrases, liquidity refers to reserves, tokens or token swimming pools available for trade. It interprets to the flexibility to purchase and promote belongings rapidly and simply. Low liquidity of a crypto asset can enhance the danger of buying and selling and make it tougher to appreciate income.

Energy of underlying expertise

What the buying and selling token stands for, i.e., the issue it solves and the potential of its progress, drastically influences the danger of buying and selling with it. The extra reputed and established the token, the decrease the danger of buying and selling with it.

Regulatory panorama

The cryptocurrency world has a protracted technique to go concerning the rules jurisdictions create round it. And every new (or up to date) legislation instantly impacts buying and selling sentiment.

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How essential is the danger/reward ratio in cryptocurrency buying and selling?

Simply as a seesaw balances two opposing forces, the danger and reward of an funding alternative should even be fastidiously balanced. The chance/reward ratio requires fixed changes and vigilance to keep up steadiness and keep away from the pitfalls of both excessive.

As detailed on this article, there are a lot of methods to optimize it and several other components influencing it. Whereas it is a crucial metric, it isn’t a holy grail resolution that ensures success in any crypto buying and selling technique. Perceive and experiment with the way it performs into the broader set of buying and selling methods and danger administration.